Local effect depends on allocation, price
Boats in Port de Grave will likely carry a lighter load of shrimp in 2011 and 2012, following news the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization has reduced the total allowable catch for the next two years. — Photo by Andrew Robinson/The Compass
Port de Grave—Cuts to the total allowable catch (TAC) for shrimp in fishing area 3L off the coast of the Avalon Peninsula are likely to affect local fishermen, but by how much remains to be seen.
The Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization (NAFO) recently decided to reduce the TAC from this year’s 30,000 tonnes to 19,000 in 2011 and 17,000 in 2012.
The drop from this year to next is almost 40 per cent.
The decision was made to protect the stocks, based on a scientific report.
The female spawning stock biomass index for autumn 2009 in fishing area 3LNO was estimated to be 47,400 tonnes — a 63 per cent drop from autumn 2007.
The drop in the fishable stock biomass index over the same timeframe was 60 per cent.
Nelson Bussey, who fishes out of Port de Grave, says the cut will have an impact, but to what extent is dependent on how it will be spread between the inshore and offshore fishery.
“We all have a cap, and this is going to affect our caps,” says the captain of the Eastern Princess II.
Bussey sits on the Fish, Food and Allied Workers’ inshore council and its 3L shrimp committee.
Darren Noonan, who has skippered a boat in Old Perlican for 12 years, says the cuts could be devastating.
“I think we had 250,000 (shrimp) this year as a cap. You take a 40 or 45 per cent cut, and that’s totally devastating,” he says, adding he understands there is a need to protect the stock.
“If the spawning biomass is down, you can fish it to extinction. That’s what happened to the cod,” says Noonan.
Bussey hopes the cuts will have more of an effect on special allocations made to outsiders like Prince Edward Island.
“At least when we bring in shrimp, you have trucks and offloading crews at plants, and people are getting work from it. P.E.I. has 3,000-tonne allocation and they’ll sign it off to an offshore factory freezer. They’ll go out and catch it and land in St. Anthony or somewhere, truck it overseas, and that’s it.”
Bussey says many fishermen in Port de Grave hold double licences, having bought out other licence holders, which can increase a debt load by upwards of $200,000. The situation is further complicated by the fact that fuel costs account for approximately 30 per cent of a catch’s value.
“With 30 per cent of the catch going to fuel, and then the bank (payments), this year there’s not a great lot left. This is why there’s a lot of people who are not (fishing) shrimp. We hope even though there are going to be cuts, some licences will be freed up.”
Noonan says the price of shrimp next year will play a role in how the fishery holds up. In 1998, he could sell shrimp for 70 cents a pound, but in more recent years the price has hovered at around 40 cents. This year, the price-setting panel for the province settled on a price of 48 cents a pound.
At that price, Bussey estimates a fisherman has to catch 70-80 per cent of the shrimp limit within a full trip to cover costs.
“Shrimp is not like crab,” he says.
The big difference between the two fisheries is the amount of fuel used. Crab requires much less, making it a more profitable venture, though the shrimp fishery is good in terms of accumulating the weeks necessary to eventually qualify for employment insurance once the fishing season ends.
“The boat owners are not making great money at it, unless they’re coming back with full trips. It’s a marginal fishery,” says Bussey, adding that fishing shrimp alone wouldn’t cover the costs of paying for fuel, a boat mortgage and general expenses.
However, Noonan does not expect that crab alone will be able to make up for whatever income is lost from cuts to the shrimp fishery, adding that the shrimp fishery has been important to Old Perlican, including the harvesters and fish plant workers employed by Quinlan Brothers Ltd.
Noonan says attracting crews in the area has become more difficult given the decline in the price of crab, and a cut to the shrimp quota might not help.
“There’s only so much a boat owner can pay you,” he says. “If you can’t work and get enough for your unemployment to make a half-decent living, no one is going to come with you. If the shrimp is gone, all you have left is the crab, and that’s six or seven weeks.”
If those employment opportunities become less desirable, Noonan says people from the area are likely to look elsewhere for work, with Alberta being a prime target.
“People can go to Alberta, make quick bucks and come home,” he says, adding many others are completing training to work on offshore oilrigs.
The shrimp fishery in 2010 has been an improvement over the previous year, according to Bussey, with prices up 15 to 20 per cent from 2009. As of Oct. 13, only 43 per cent of the quota for shrimp in 3L had been caught.