Pieces adorns Radio City Music Hall
Hildreth Meiere was a prolific Art Deco muralist whose highly stylized figures and geometric patterns adorn New York’s Radio City Music Hall, Nebraska’s Capitol, the National Academy of Sciences and many other noted buildings. Yet the artist remains relatively unknown.
The Dome of The Twelve Apostles in the Cathedral Basilica of St. Louis decorated by the photographer’s grandmother, Art Deco muralist Hildreth Meiere, in St. Louis, Missouri. — Photo by The Associated Press
A new book is seeking to give Meiere her due, chronicling a career that broke barriers at a time in the first half of the 20th century when few women artists were working on such a grand scale.
“She was really cutting edge,” said art historian Catherine Coleman Brawer, co-author of “The Art Deco Murals of Hildreth Meiere.” “Her work has been enjoyed by millions of people over the last 90 years without knowing her name. That’s why we have written this book.”
Meiere, who would go on to work on about 100 projects in 15 states, came of age as an artist at a time when many leading architects turned to the muralist to embellish their buildings.
She landed her first major commission in 1922 to decorate the Great Hall of the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C., where she created medallions of Art Deco figures depicting earth, fire, water and air, among other imagery.
Among her many captivating narrative designs are the shimmering glass mosaics she created for the eight-story-high arch in the main sanctuary of Temple Emanu-El and the narthex of St. Bartholomew’s Church in New York.
For the Nebraska Capitol, Meiere created designs depicting Native American life on the Great Plains. Perhaps her most recognizable designs are on the facade of Radio City Music Hall, where colossal metal-and-enamel roundels depict dance, drama and song.
Meiere once said that a beautiful mural is “something that cannot be taken away without hurting the design of the building. If the building can look as well without it, it shouldn’t be there in the first place.”
In 1946, Meiere was the first woman appointed to the New York City Art Commission and later became the first woman to receive the Fine Arts Medal of the American Institute of Architects. Yet after her death in 1961, as architectural tastes changed, she became largely forgotten.
Meiere designed in a variety of media, collaborating with skilled European-trained craftsmen who executed her work in glazed ceramic tile, glass mosaic, stained glass, metal and wood inlay. When she designed the roundels for Radio City Music Hall, “nobody had worked in mixed metal on a scale like that before,” said Brawer, who curated an exhibition of her ecclesiastical work at New York’s Museum of Biblical Art in 2012.
To help reintroduce her to the public, a Meiere Crawl exploring her sites in New York City is planned for May 18. The book is scheduled for release on May 1.