Senator calls upon Canadian government to bring former child soldier home
Canadian senator and Ret. Gen. Roméo Dallaire speaks with reporters at the Delta Hotel in St. John’s, before addressing a conference of the International Association of Women Police. Dallaire offered a statement on the case of former child soldier Omar Khadr and his return to Canada. — Photo by Gary Hebbard/The Telegram
Canadian senator and Ret. Lt.-Gen. Roméo Dallaire says any allegation the United States government is dragging its feet on returning Guantanamo Bay detainee Omar Khadr to Canada is, “B.S.”
Dallaire raised the issue of Khadr’s case with reporters this afternoon at the Delta Hotel and Conference Centre in St. John’s, during a media availability prior to his addressing the International Association of Women Police conference.
He placed the time of Khadr’s return to Canada squarely on the shoulders of the Canadian government.
Earlier today, Canadian news outlets were reporting court documents had surfaced wherein officials apparently defend against allegations Canada is responsible for a delay in Khadr’s anticipated return date, by pointing back to the Americans.
Khadr pleaded guilty to five crimes, including murder, before a military commission in October 2010. He applied for transfer back to Canada in April 2011.
As of October 2011, as he was eligible to return under his plea agreement, his file was being processed by the Correctional Service of Canada and sent on to Public Safety Canada, according to court documents, the Canadian Press has reported.
At this point, there is been dispute over exactly what is holding up Khadr’s transfer back to Canada.
Dallaire said Khadr’s recruitment into militant activities, at the age of 13 and led by his father, was not voluntary “in any way shape or form” and his story meets the criteria of a child soldier case.
He referred to Khadr as “one of our own” and said there is “nothing but stalling” at this point in the man’s case.
Khadr is now 25 and will turn 26 next week.
Dallaire added in the last five years — for at least the period since his return from a Harvard posting in the United States — the Canadian government “has undermined the credibility of its nation in regards to its commitment to the (international) conventions that it signs,” citing Khadr’s case and Canada’s commitment to helping rehabilitate child soldiers.
“That has simply made our six o’clock incredibly vulnerable. Because we use the convention in the field convincing these leaders out there — we say Hey buddy, do you know that you’re going against international law and you’re never going to be able to get out of the country because we’ll arrest you? And they respond to that ... they say yeah, but in your country you’re not even applying it.”
According to Dallaire, in Khadr’s case, “instead of doing the right thing and applying the conventions, we have been doing the popular thing and demonized the individual.”
The senator said he is not advocating for Khadr to be returned to Canada and immediately released from custody. He said there will have to be a period wherein the former child soldier remains in custody and works a targeted rehabilitation program, but adds it should happen in his home country.
“I don’t want him on the street (right now),” Dallaire said, “but I want him rehabilitated and re-integrated.”
More from Dallaire will be in Friday’s print edition of The Telegram.
From the Canadian Press, earlier today:
TORONTO - The Canadian government is defending itself against allegations it is deliberately dragging its feet in allowing Omar Khadr to return from Guantanamo Bay by arguing much of the delay is the fault of the Americans, new court documents show.
In an affidavit filed in response to a Federal Court application by Khadr's lawyers, a senior public safety official cites two main reasons for the lack of a decision to the application for Khadr to serve out his sentence in Canada — something he was eligible to do starting in October 2011.
The first reason cited was a delay in Washington's approval of the transfer — granted only this past spring.
The second reason was Public Safety Minister Vic Toews' request for sealed videos of mental assessments of the inmate done for military prosecutors — apparently only discovered in February through media reports.
Khadr, who pleaded guilty to five crimes including murder in violation of the rules of war before a widely discredited military commission in October 2010, applied to transfer to Canada in April last year.
In an affidavit by Mary Campbell, the Correctional Service of Canada completed its processing of the application in October 2011 — around the time Khadr was eligible to return under terms of his widely reported plea deal.
The file was immediately forwarded to Public Safety Canada, which in turn sent it to Toews for a decision, according to the document obtained by The Canadian Press.
However, Toews refused to accept the file, according to Campbell, the ministry's director general of the corrections and criminal justice directorate.
"The minister does not, as a practice, consider applications from offenders in the U.S. unless the U.S. has first approved the application," Campbell said in her affidavit dated Wednesday.
"The minister did not receive the file at that time."
John Norris, one of Khadr's Canadian lawyers, said Toews' refusal to handle the file before receiving formal U.S. approval made no sense given that Washington had agreed to the transfer at Khadr's trial in October 2010.
"How good an explanation is that in a case where the Americans had committed in a plea deal to approval?" Norris said in an interview early Thursday.
"Clearly, it's the minister's office that is mishandling the file."
The U.S. indicated its approval of Khadr's transfer in April and provided the actual hard-copy package in May, Campbell said.
The entire file — without the psychiatric evaluations of Khadr, who turns 26 next week — was finally given to Toews on May 23, the documents show.
According to Campbell, Canada began to correspond with the U.S. in March about the sealed videotapes of the assessments done by psychiatrist Dr. Michael Welner and a military psychologist, Maj. Allan Hopewell — after learning about their existence through media reports a month earlier.
Welner, who condemned Khadr as an unrepentant and dangerous extremist, starred as the prosecution's main witness at the 2010 military commission trial. Hopewell's view was decidedly less negative, calling the Toronto-born Khadr manipulative, mentally stable and someone who sees himself as a Canadian.
Because the tapes had been sealed, it would require a joint defence-prosecution request to the head of the military commissions and a security clearance to have them released to the Canadian government. It took until Sept. 5 for the tapes to reach the ministry and another two days to land on Toews' desk, Campbell said.
Norris called the situation surrounding the tapes "extraordinary."
"They don't say anything about why it took so long for them to find the stuff," he said.
Normally, it takes just under 15 months for the government to decide on prisoner's transfer — suggesting Toews should at the very least have rendered his decision two months ago.
In their Federal Court application filed in July, Khadr's Canadian lawyers call the delay in deciding the case "unreasonable" and "an abuse of process."
Khadr was 15 when he was captured badly wounded and almost blind in the rubble of a bombed out compound in Afghanistan in July 2002. He was transferred to Guantanamo Bay a few months later, and has been held there since.
On Wednesday, Prime Minister Stephen Harper, who has denounced Khadr as a convicted criminal, and Toews denied a news report that Canada had approved the transfer but was delaying the announcement.